Guidelines and Flags
Information Literacy (I-Flag) GuidelinesDuring the course of our work, the Council on General Education has identified an existing gap in alignment with Clarion University General Education curriculum and the PASSHE and Middle States Commission on Higher Education recommendations in the area of Information Literacy.
To aid in identification and assessment of courses that meet our General Education Outcome #4: Students graduating from Clarion University will use information effectively, the Council on General Education is forwarding a motion to CCPS proposing the following amendments to General Education Requirements:
- Revision of General Education requirement A.1. title and outcomes to encompass English Composition AND Information Literacy, establishing a basic level of information literacy competency
- Establishment of a new Information Literacy flag (I-flag) to establish an advanced information literacy competency, as applied to the program major during the junior or senior year.
The Council would like to recommend the definition and standards found in Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education (ALA, 2000) as the basis for developing an Information Literacy flag. The Middle States Commission on Higher Education's definition of information literacy is based upon these standards. As per the document: "Information literacy is a set of abilities requiring individuals to recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information." (p.2) This definition is provided in detail in the attached document.
Definition of Information Literacy
"To be information literate, a person must be able to recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information." (American Library Association Presidential Committee on Information Literacy, Final Report, 1989, p.1)
An information literate student is able to:
- Determine the nature and extent of the information needed
- Access needed information effectively and efficiently
- Evaluate information and its sources critically and incorporate selected information into his or her knowledge base and value system
- Use information effectively to accomplish a specific purpose
- Understands many of the economic, legal, and social issues surrounding the use of information and accesses and uses information ethically and legally.
The Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education (ALA, 2000):
- The information literate student defines and articulates the need for information
- The information literate student reevaluates the nature and extent of the information need
- The information literate student evaluates information and its sources critically and incorporates selected information into his or her knowledge base and value system.
- The information literate student, individually or as a member of a group, uses information effectively to accomplish a specific purpose.
- The information literate student understands many of the economic, legal, and social issues surrounding the use of information and accesses and uses information ethically and legally.
Middle States Commission on Higher Education
The Middle States Commission on Higher Education, in the 2009 revised edition of Characteristics of Excellence in Higher Education: Requirements of Affiliation and Standards for Accreditation, under Standard 11 "Educational Offerings" states:
Several skills, collectively referred to as "information literacy," apply to all disciplines in an institution's curricula. These skills relate to a student's competency in acquiring and processing information in the search for understanding, whether that information is sought in or through the facilities of a library, through practica, as a result of field experiments, by communications with experts in professional communities, or by other means. Therefore, information literacy is an essential component of any educational program at the graduate or undergraduate levels. These skills include the ability to:
- determine the nature and extent of needed information;
- access information effectively and efficiently;
- evaluate critically the sources and content of information;
- incorporate selected information in the learner's knowledge base and value system;
- use information effectively to accomplish a specific purpose;
- understand the economic, legal and social issues surrounding the use of information and information technology; and
- observe laws, regulations, and institutional policies related to the access and use of information. (p. 42)
Found online: http://www.msche.org/publications/CHX06_Aug08REVMarch09.pdf
Outcomes for Information Literacy courses
Basic Information Literacy (to be incorporated into Appendix D ENG 111 Outcomes)
Determine the nature and extent of the information needed
- Ability to define and articulate the need for information
- Ability to identify a variety of types and formats of potential sources
Access needed information effectively and efficiently
- Selects the most appropriate investigative methods or information retrieval system
- Constructs and implements effectively designed search strategies
- Retrieves information using a variety of methods
- Refines the search strategy
- Extracts, records, and manages the information and its sources
Evaluate critically the sources and content of information
- Summarizes main ideas
- Articulates and applies initial criteria and validity for information and its sources
- Synthesizes main ideas to construct new concepts
- Compares new knowledge with prior knowledge
Advanced (or Applied) Information Literacy, I flag
Use information effectively to accomplish a specific purpose
- Applies new and prior information to the planning and creation of a particular product or performance in the major discipline.
- Revises the development process for the product or performance
- Communicates the product or performance effectively
Incorporate selected information into his or her knowledge base and value system
- Determines whether new knowledge has an impact on the individual's value system and takes steps to reconcile the differences
- Validates understanding and interpretation of information through discourse with others, including experts and practitioners
- Determines whether the initial query should be revised
Understands many of the economic, legal, and social issues surrounding the use of information and accesses and uses information ethically and legally.
- Understand ethical, legal and socio-economic issues surrounding information and information technology
- Follows copyright laws, regulations, institutional policies, and etiquette related to the access and use of information
- Acknowledges the use of information sources
Middle States (2003). "Developing Research & Communication Skills : Guidelines for Information Literacy in the Curriculum" retrieved June 2010 from http://www.msche.org/publications/Developing-Skills080111151714.pdf
- 2010-2011: Share proposal and gather feedback from department chairs and faculty. Feedback should be directed to respective General Education Council members/representatives:
- College of Business Administration Chairs - September 29, 2010
- Venango Deans Advisory Council - October 12, 2010
- College of Education & Human Services Chairs - October 15, 2010
- College of Arts & Sciences Chairs Council - October 25, 2010
- Clarion Campus Open Forum - November 12, 2010
- Venango Faculty Forum - November 19, 2010
- December 2011: submit proposed changes to General Education Requirements to CCPS for approval
- 2011-2012: Identify I-Flag courses
- Departments and programs should submit courses to General Education Council for approval
- Fall 2012: effective first term for Information Literacy & I-flag requirements for students entering under this catalog year
- 2012-2013: Assessment of Information Literacy outcomes in I-flag courses.
Guidelines for Writing Intensive Courses (W-flag)
Writing Intensive Courses
Students are also required to complete two W flagged courses. Students may take these courses as part of the General Education Program, in the major, or in support courses for the major not taken to fulfill requirements in General Education. Writing Intensive courses are based on the idea that writing should engage students in higher order reasoning, such as synthesis and analysis, as well as the communication modes of specific disciplines.
In writing-intensive classes:
- Writing not only tests knowledge, but provides learners opportunities to explore ideas and develop connections between new knowledge.
- Writers revise some portion of their work, guided by the instructor, so to better understand the constraints of the discipline within which they are working.
- Writers will use many forms, including in-class responses, journals, notebooks, reports, formal argumentative essays, research papers, and other forms pertinent to specific disciplines.
In writing-intensive classes, students:
- Complete a substantial body of finished work. This is generally expected to total 20+ double-spaced pages in at least two, preferably more, submissions. A variety of forms is strongly encouraged--journals, reports, essays, research papers, etc., not all of which must be graded.
- Receive professional assistance as they complete writing assignments. Such assistance may take several forms, from visits to the Writing Center to conferences with the instructor.
- Revise some pieces. Since revision is an essential characteristic of good writing, students should be able to revise some portion of their work.
- Receive response to their writing. Such response may take many forms--from extended comments by the instructor to peer evaluation in student groups. It is expected, however, that the instructor will respond in detail to some extended work of the students.
The learning outcomes for writing-intensive classes can be found in Appendix E.
Outcomes for Writing-Intensive Classes
(approved by Faculty Senate, Fall 2004)
The outcomes below are consistent with the pedagogical philosophies of writing across the curriculum and writing in the disciplines.
Writer identifies discipline-specific audiences.
Readers in different academic fields expect particular contexts, vocabularies, organizational schemes, discourse conventions, etc. Student writers should be aware that these differences exist; what constitutes the differences; and how to adjust their writing accordingly.
Writer generates texts appropriate for discipline-specific audiences.
Student writers will write the kinds of texts particular to specific fields of study, i.e. lab reports, research reports, proposals, persuasive essays, and so on.
Writer demonstrates language conventions appropriate for discipline-specific audiences.
Student writers learn the vocabulary and other discourse conventions of the field they are studying by various means, for example, listening in class, reading textbooks, conducting research.
Guidelines for Values Courses (V and S-flags)
The Values courses in Clarion University's General Education Program do not advocate a particular set of values; rather values courses encourage students to appreciate the great diversity of human values, recognize their own personal values, identify those values fundamental to an academic discipline, and help students learn to reason critically about values.
First Year Values courses focus on the intellectual, historical and cultural contexts in which values are formed. By exposing students to the broad spectrum of values found within cultures and societies throughout history and across the globe, students learn to appreciate the rich array of human values, while also learning to identify and evaluate the sources and nature of their own values. As a result, students are encouraged to become more tolerant and respectful of diversity and to develop those attitudes necessary for them to be successful participants in a global society.
Second Year Values courses focus on identifying and examining those value judgments that are implicit within an academic discipline—either the student's own discipline or some other. By exposing students to the fundamental value assumptions of a discipline, students learn that a full understanding of any discipline, including their academic major, requires recognizing and understanding those value judgments that underlie it. As a result, students are better prepared to critique their own disciplines in a manner that leads to scholarly innovation and to the development of new knowledge.