MAED 581 | Problem Solving | The course is designed to give students experience solving novel and often open-ended problems in multiple ways. Posing and solving problems drawn from rational numbers, number theory, algebra, measurement and geometry will help students to reinforc,e and integrate various strands of their high school mathematics curriculum and to reason and communicate more effectively. Prerequisite: Certification in Secondary Mathematics Education or ED 339: Meth of Teach & Eval Math and permission of instru,ctor. Offered: Summer| |

MAED 585 | App & Math Model For Teacher | A course to use mathematics in representing and solving real world problems. Mathematical concepts from middle school and high school mathematics will be applied to problems in social, physical, and biological sciences. Pedagogical and assessment i,ssues will be studied. Prerequisite: Certification in teaching mathematics, or mathematical science teachers in grades 7 through 12. Highly recommended: calculus, linear algebra, differential equations, or statistics. Offered: Summer.| |

MAED 590 | Historical Dev Of Mathematics | Students will explore the development of mathematics, from the early development of numeration systems to modern mathematics. They will learn how the technology and culture of different places and times affected the topics developed as well as the m,ethods used. Students will also discuss and develop ways to incorporate this information into their classroom teaching and to encourage cross disciplinary connections. Prerequisite: Degree in mathematical sciences or permission.| |

MARS 320 | Marine Geology | Sedimentary and tectonic characteristics of the continental margins and deep ocean basins; sediment transport and deposition in marine environments; marine geophysical methods at sea; marine mineral resources. Prerequisite: Introductory Geology and O,ceanography. Summer, on demand.| |

MARS 341 | Marine Biology | Deals briefly with the history of marine biology, and with the interrelationship of chemical and physical oceanography and marine biology. Marine habitats will be studied in more detail with reference to the adaptations of plant and animal inhabitan,ts. Course taught at the Marine Science Consortium (MSC), Wallops Island, Virginia.| |

MARS 345 | Marine Ornithology | An introductory course on the bird fauna of the sea coast, including avian diversity and ecology. Students will learn to identify coastal birds using plumage, behavior and songs. Lecture material will include information on distribution, behavior,,physiology and anatomy of birds. Course taught at the Marine Science Consortium (MSC), Wallops Island, Virginia.| |

MARS 360 | Marine Ecology | Interrelationships among animals, plants, and physical and chemical aspects of the environment will be studied, with an emphasis on adaptations for survival which are unique to the marine environment. Zoogeography and food chain interactions will al,so be studied with some emphasis placed on the impacts of human activities. Course taught at the Marine Science Consortium (MSC), Wallops Island, Virginia.| |

MARS 403 | Research Diver Methods | Study and practice of aquatic research methods using SCUBA as a tool. Advanced research diving topics include areas such as navigation, search and recovery, underwater photography, survey methods, estimating population parameters, and data acquisiti,on while under water. Specific research techniques will be presented in the context of specific aquatic research project conducted by students under the director of the instructor. Each summer.| |

MARS 431 | Ecology Of Marine Plankton | Study of the phytoplankton and zooplankton in marine and brackish environments. Qualitative and quantitative comparisons will be made between the planktonic populations of various types of habitats in relation to primary and secondary productivity., Course taught at the Marine Science Consortium (MSC), Wallops Island, Virginia.| |

MARS 443 | Marine Ichthyology | Study of the internal and external structure of fishes, their classification and evolutionary relationships, their ecology and behavior, their physiology and environmental requirements, and their distribution patterns in marine and brackish environme,nts. Course taught at the Marine Science Consortium (MSC), Wallops Island, Virginia.| |

MARS 471 | Scan Electron Microscop Marine | Trains students in the use of a portable scanning electron microscope (PSEMII), including principles of operation and use the SEM, preparation of geological and biological samples for imaging, size and shape analysis, and elemental and mineralogical,analysis with the energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer (EDX). The latter portion of the course is dedicated to the design and execution of independent research projects in investigating a problem in marine science using the SEM and/or EDX. Course ta,ught at the Marine Science Consortium (MSC), Wallops Island, Virginia.| |

MATH 10 | Prep For College Math | Covers basic arithmetic and geometic principles necessary for the subsequent study of introductory algebra and other more advanced courses requiring a basic mathematics competency. Emphasizes decreasing mathematics anxiety, developing mathematics tex,t-reading abilities, including the study of vocabulary unique to the mathematics discipline, developing estimation skills, interpreting data, mental mathematics, and critical thinking. Major learning modalities are written response, calculator use an,d experimentation, analysis activities, and problem-solving.| |

MATH 50 | Basic Algebra | Introduces basic arithmetic and algebraic concepts, including an introduction to real numbers and algebraic expressions, solving equations and inequalities, polynomials, factoring, graphing, and systems of equations. Credits in this course do not cou,nt toward general education or graduation. Prerequisite: Appropriate placement determined by the Mathematics Department. Each semester.| |

MATH 110 | Intermediate Algebra | Covers topics in algebra beyond the introductory level, yet less than the precalculus level. No student who has satisfactorily completed MATH 131 or a higher-numbered mathematics course may subsequently receive credit for MATH 110. Prerequisite: C or, better in MATH 050 or satisfactory score on the department's placement examination. Each semester.| |

MATH 111 | Math Conc Grades K-8 | Examines operations and properties of integers, fractions, and decimals. Includes elementary set theory, number theory, and functions. Covers conceptual foundations of the numerical content of the mathematics curriculum in the elementary and middle g,rades, emphasizing problem solving. MATH 111 is the first in a two-part sequence; the study of measurement, geometry, data gathering, and other topics are included in MATH 211. Prerequisite: C or better in MATH 050 or satisfactory score on the depart,mental placement examination. Each semester.| |

MATH 112 | Excursions Math | Acquaints students with the nature and scope of modern mathematics and its applications. Emphasizes concepts and understanding rather than acquisition of techniques. Prerequisite: C or better in MATH 050 or satisfactory score on the departmental plac,ement examination. Each semester.| |

MATH 113 | Quantitative Reasoning | Helps students develop quantitative reasoning skills. Core content, common to all sections, covers elements of descriptive statistics with particular emphasis on the representation and interpretation of data. Additional topics, covered at the instr,uctor's discretion, may include basic finance, probability, and logic. Prerequisite: MATH 112. Each semester.| |

MATH 117 | Mathematics for Health Science | Mathematics for Health Sciences (MATH 117), a three (3) credit course, will prepare students in health science related majors for the mathematical applications within the healthcare field. Topics that will be included are algebra; fractions and frac,tional equations; ratios and proportions; percentages, variation; relationships among systems of measure; scientific notation; logarithms; calculation of dosages; and basic geometry, graphing, and statistics. The course will incorporate real world ex,amples in an effort to foster the development of critical thinking and problem solving skills necessary for success in today's healthcare space. Concepts included will be relevant for the various discipline specific certification exams. Prerequisite| |

MATH 131 | Applied Finite Math | Covers mathematical techniques with special applications in business and related areas. Includes matrices, linear programming, and mathematics of finance. Prerequisite: MATH 110 or satisfactory score on the departmental placement examination. Each se,mester.| |

MATH 170 | Algebra & Trig Mid Sch Tchrs | Investigates topics in algebra and trigonometry including rational expressions, exponential equations, linear equations and systems of linear equations, and right triangle trigonometry. This course is specifically designed to prepare students for to,pics in algebra and trigonometry that are encountered in the middle school classroom. Prerequisite: MATH 110 or equivalent Mathematics Department Placement and enrollment in the College of Education and Human Services.| |

MATH 171 | Precalculus | Prepares students for calculus by covering high school algebra, functions, inequalities, analytic trigonometry, logarithms, elementary theory of equations, complex numbers, and mathematical induction. Prerequisite: MATH 110 or satisfactory score on t,he departmental placement examination. Each semester.| |

MATH 200 | Reasoning & Proof In Math | Students will explore mathematical reasoning and learn the basic logic behind mathematical proofs. Prerequisite: MATH 111 and 170 or equivalent. Restricted to students in the College of Education and Human Services.| |

MATH 201 | Technology in Teaching Math | Investigates the use of technology in the practice of teaching mathematics. Topics will include the appropriate use of technology to both present and study mathematics. Prerequisite: MATH 110 or equivalent Mathematics Department Placement and enro,llment in the College of Education and Human Services.| |

MATH 211 | Fund Topics In K-8 Math | Investigates selected topics considered essential to the basic mathematics curriculum in the elementary and middle grades. Includes introductions to mathematical reasoning, additional problem-solving techniques, probability and data analysis, geometr,y and measurement. Math 211 is the second in a two-part sequence beginning with MATH 111. Prerequisite: MATH 111. Each semester.| |

MATH 212 | Intuitive Geometry | Intuitive overview of geometry; Euclid's Axioms, exploration of relationships, measurement and coordinate geometries, geometrics on other surfaces, and geometry in nature and art. Prerequisite: Any 100-level mathematics course. On demand.| |

MATH 213 | Intuitive Calculus | Explores development of the basic properties of the real number system and the calculus, including functions, sequences, limits, continuity, integrals, and derivatives. Examines topics graphically, symbolically, and numerically. Prerequisite: Any 100,-level mathematics course. On demand.| |

MATH 214 | Finite Math | Introduces basic properties of finite mathematics, including logic, counting techniques, elementary probability, and application to social and computer science. Prerequisite: Any 100-level mathematics course. On demand.| |

MATH 215 | Math Concept Lab | Develops certain concepts of mathematics using an activity-oriented approach. Conducted in a laboratory atmosphere. Includes the rational number system, number theory, induction, measurement, geometric shapes. On demand. Prerequisite: Any 100-level, mathematics course.| |

MATH 216 | Prob Solv Strat In Math | An introduction to the problem solving nature of mathematics. Focus is on using quantitative reasoning and intuitive logical thought techniques to solve problems (rather than formal rigid processes). Selected topics may include, but are not limited t,o, set theory, algebra, geometry, number theory, mathematical puzzles and games, estimation, and infinity. Prerequisite: 'C' or better in MATH 110 or equivalent mathematics placement and enrollment in the College of Education and Human Services.| |

MATH 217 | Historical Dev of Math Teacher | Investigates topics in the history of mathematics, including development of number systems, development of important fields of mathematics. Some important mathematical ideas and developments will be seen as products of their times. Prerequisite: M,ATH 211. Restricted to students in the College of Education and Human Services.| |