Providing Aid - Initial Response
Check the scene for safety. Check the victim for consciousness.
1. Checking the unconscious victim:
- Tap and shout to see if the person responds.
- If no response, have someone call for an ambulance.
- Look, listen and feel for breathing for about 5 seconds.
- If no breathing, position victim on back while supporting head and neck.
- Tilt head back and lift chin.
- Look, listen, and feel for breathing for about 5 seconds.
- Check for severe bleeding.
- Care for life-threatening conditions if you have the proper training.
2. If the victim is conscious:
- Watch for changes in breathing and consciousness.
- Help the victim rest comfortably.
- Keep the victim from getting chilled or overheated.
- Reassure the victim.
- Do not move seriously injured persons unless they are in danger of further injury.
When to Call an Ambulance
Call 911 and notify the university police if the victim:
- Is unconscious
- Has trouble breathing
- Has a chest pain or pressure
- Is bleeding severely
- Has pressure or pain in the abdomen that does not go away
- Is vomiting or passing blood
- Has repeated seizures or a seizure that lasts for more than a few minutes
- Has a severe headache or slurred speech
- Appears to have been poisoned
- Has injuries to the head, neck, or back
- Has possible broken bones
Communicate with person your concern for their safety
Call for emergency assistance (police, EMT); if on campus call 2111 or 9-911 or off campus call 911
Do not permit the person to go to sleep without someone to watch them until emergency workers arrive
Do not permit person to leave, or walk alone
Do not permit person to drive - take keys if possible
Time is a factor, obtain assistance from police as soon as possible