SCED 456: ELECTRONICS FOR THE HIGH SCHOOL SCIENCE TEACHER 4 s.h.
Intended for the science teacher who has had little or no previous course work in physics or mathematics. Covers the fundamental laws of electricity and magnetism, alternating current theory, and the theory and practical application of such devices as ammeters, voltmeters, oscilloscopes, vacuum tubes, transistors, power suppliers, amplifiers, and oscillators. Examples of some of these devices will be built in the laboratory, and general procedures for troubleshooting faculty equipment will be illustrated. Summer only, on demand.
SCED 463: ASTRONOMY: OBSERVATION AND FIELD STUDIES 3 s.h.
Examines experimental tools and methods useful in astronomy. Concentrates on mastery of important techniques and concepts by a gdo-it-yourselfh process, not an encyclopedic survey of astronomy. Complements courses in descriptive astronomy (ES 200 and 201 and SCED 550) rather than duplicating them, serving much the same purpose as a laboratory in astronomy. Students will build simple telescopes, spectroscopes, and other astronomical instruments. Summer only, on demand.
SCED 466: FIELD PHOTOGRAPHY 3 s.h.
Teaches students how to use a modern camera and accessories to photograph subjects in the field. Includes techniques of close-up, telephoto, and wide-angle photography as well as film development, lighting, use of filters and composition will be included. Provides students with opportunities to learn and practice techniques for photographing such subjects as small animals, birds, flowers, large animals, and other field subjects. Students provide camera and film. Summers only, on demand. SCED 500: SEMINAR 1-3 s.h. Current topics in science education. May be repeated (as topics vary) up to nine credits. On demand.
SCED 501: SEMINAR IN SCIENCE MISCONCEPTIONS 3 s.h.
A survey of current literature in the area of science misconceptions. Each student will research a topic and develop interviews and surveys to determine the misconceptions in the area. Fall, odd-numbered years.
SCED 502: INVESTIGATIVE TECHNIQUES AND PROCESS APPROACH TO MODERN SCIENCE CURRICULA 3 s.h.
Enables elementary, middle, and junior high school teachers to use investigative techniques and the process approach in their own classrooms. Investigative techniques focus on developing skills in science processes such as observing, classifying, formulating hypotheses, collecting and analyzing data, and designing experiments. Includes experiences with modern elementary and junior high school science curricula. Two lecture and two lab hours. Fall, annually.
SCED 503: SPECIAL TOPICS OF SCIENCE EDUCATION 1-4 s.h.
Studies of topical material under the guidance of the instructor. Maximum credit allowable toward graduation: 9 credits. Prerequisites: Permission of the instructor and the studentfs graduate committee. On demand.
SCED 505: INVESTIGATION IN THE SCIENCES 3 s.h.
Presents a survey of types of investigations. Emphasizes typical investigations which may be used as models for classroom use. Students will experiment with published experiments within their discipline and at the appropriate grade level as well as design their own. Two hours lecture, two hours laboratory. Fall, even-numbered years.
SCED 530: FIELD BIOLOGY 3 s.h.
Field course designed to acquaint elementary, middle, and secondary teachers with the biological environment outside of the classroom as it pertains to plants and animals, their collection, identification, preservation, and ecology. Activities that are applicable to the public school will be provided. Summers, on demand.
SCED 531: FIELD BOTANY 3 s.h.
Gives elementary, middle, and secondary teachers an understanding of the basic aspects of plant science. Emphasizes taxonomy, morphology, and life processes of the flowering and nonflowering plants as they relate to work done in elementary and secondary schools. Two lecture and two lab hours. Summer, on demand.
SCED 532: FIELD ORNITHOLOGY 3 s.h.
This is primarily a course on the identification and natural history of birds of this area. The primary teaching methods will be illustrated lectures, identification practice via color slides, and field trips. Prerequisite: Basic Biology. Summers, on demand.
SCED 534: FIELD ZOOLOGY 3 s.h.
Field course designed to acquaint the elementary, middle, and secondary teachers with the biological environment outside the classroom as it pertains to animals, their collection, preservation, identification, and ecology. Activities that are applicable to K-12 schools will be provided. Summer, on demand.
SCED 535: FIELD ECOLOGY 3 s.h.
Familiarizes elementary, middle, and secondary teachers with the relationships between plants and animals and their environment. Emphasizes field work. Frequent field trips to areas of particular ecological interest in Northwestern Pennsylvania. Five field, laboratory and lecture hours. On demand.
SCED 536: CHEMISTRY 3 s.h.
Lecture-laboratory course designed to give elementary, middle, and secondary teachers an understanding of basic chemistry. The chemistry of common experience in the public school is explored and the manipulation of chemical apparatus is given special attention. Two laboratory hours. On demand.
SCED 537: PHYSICS 3 s.h.
Lecture-laboratory course designed to give elementary, middle, and secondary teachers an understanding of basic physics. Areas of concentration are the metric system, properties of matter, mechanics, atomic energy, heat, sound, light, magnetism, and electricity. Particular attention will be provided for the application of these areas to public school sciences. Two lecture and two laboratory hours. On demand.
SCED 538: SCIENCE CURRICULUM 3 s.h.
This course is designed to come late in the program when the student will have an adequate background for discussions centered around the various approaches to the teaching of science in the elementary, middle, and secondary schools. A study of the principles of curriculum construction, including curriculum origins, goals, objectives, scope and sequence, and evaluation. Spring, annually.
SCED 539: RESOURCES AND MATERIALS 3 s.h.
Gives teachers experience with literature, equipment, and materials used in teaching science in the school. Explores physical and human resources from national, state, and local communities. Students will be given ample opportunity to develop and try out teacher-made resources. On demand.
SCED 540: SUPERVISION OF SCIENCE TEACHING 3 s.h.
Prepares science educators (elementary, middle, junior high, and senior high school teachers) for leadership and supervisory roles in the improvement of science curricula and instruction. Spring, even-numbered years.
SCED 541: SCIENCE SPECIALIST INTERNSHIP IN TEACHING AND SUPERVISION 1-4 s.h.
Gives practical experiences in working with teachers and children as a specialist in science teaching, supervising, and assisting in curriculum work. On demand.
SCED 550: ASTRONOMY 3 s.h.
Deals with the planets and their satellites, including the earth and moon, with comets and meteors, with the sun, the stars and clusters of stars, with the interstellar gas and dust, with the Milky Way, and other galaxies that lie beyond the Milky Way. Includes the fundamental concepts of cosmology and the basic principles of light. Three lecture and/or laboratory hours. On demand.
SCED 551: GEOLOGY 3 s.h.
A study of rocks, minerals, and geologic formation as they are related to elementary and secondary school science. Past history of the earth as well as present geologic phenomena are discussed. Fields trips to areas of geologic interest are taken. Two lecture and two field or laboratory work hours. On demand.
SCED 552: GEOMORPHOLOGY 3 s.h.
A study of the interaction between humans and the physical environment as it is related to elementary and secondary school science. On demand.
SCED 553: METEOROLOGY 3 s.h.
Stresses fundamentals of weather and weather instruments, maps, records, as well as other activities applicable to elementary and secondary school science. Three lecture and/or laboratory hours. On demand.
SCED 554: RECENT ADVANCES IN SCIENCES 3 s.h.
Acquaints students with significant developments in the field of science that have taken place in the last two decades. Assumes a background of information in the fundamentals of the biological and physical sciences. Three lecture hours. On demand. SCED 555: HISTORY OF SCIENCE 3 s.h. A study of the history of science with accent on the way in which broad scientific principles have developed and those who played a part. On demand.
SCED 556: RESEARCH GRANT WRITING FOR SCIENCE EDUCATION 3 s.h.
Covers topics to analyze, critique, and develop a research proposal. Students will study the methodology of research as well as the mechanisms of obtaining external funding for their proposed projects. The students will develop problems, search literature, write rationales, critically evaluate each otherfs work, and turn in a complete research or funding proposal. Spring, annually. May be repeated (as topics vary) up to six credits.
SCED 560: SCIENCE CURRICULUM IN THE MIDDLE AND JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL 3 s.h.
A course designed to acquaint students with modern science instructional strategies and curricula for the junior high/middle school levels. Recent developments in curricular objectives, the unique physiological and psychological qualities of middle level students, science content, teaching strategies, and laboratories are stressed. Fall, annually.
SCED 561: MODERN ASTRONOMY 1 s.h.
Covers recent developments in astronomy which are not normally covered in a traditional astronomy course. Topics include stellar, evolution, pulsars, neutron stars, black holes, quasars, and supernovae. Summer, on demand.
SCED 562: TOPICS IN COSMOLOGY 1 s.h.
This short course deals in a non-mathematical manner with questions related to the universe as a whole-its beginning, geometry, present state and future development. Topics include the origin of the elements, expansion of the universe, geometry of the universe and observational evidence. Summer, on demand.
SCED 563: DEMONSTRATIONS AND PROJECTS IN ASTRONOMY 3 s.h.
Emphasizes the selection and preparation of demonstrations and projects in astronomy for teachers of elementary and secondary schools. Summer, on demand.
SCED 566: ADVANCED FIELD PHOTOGRAPHY 3 s.h.
Teaches in-service teachers how to use the advanced aspects of modern SLR 35mm camera and accessories to photograph science subjects in the field. Includes advanced techniques of close-up, telephoto, and photomacrography, as well as use of advanced depth of field, lighting, and composition. Students learn advanced techniques of photographing flora and fauna, geological, astronomical, meteorological, and ecological subjects. Students provide camera and film. Prerequisites: SCED 466 or permission of instructor. Summer, on demand.
SCED 567: SLIDE PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT 3 s.h.
This course is normally taken concurrently with SCED 466: Field Photography or SCED 566: Advanced Field Photography. It is designed to be taken by in-service teachers and will teach them how to put together short, single-concept slide programs to be used in their elementary or secondary science classrooms. The Karplus and Generative Models of teaching concepts will be stressed for use with the program. Prerequisites: SCED 466 or SCED 566 or must be taken concurrently, or permission of instructor. Summer, on demand.
SCED 570: LOCAL SCHOOL CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT IN SCIENCE 3 s.h.
Assists individual or groups of teachers with sufficient science background to develop, improve, or implement science curricula for the elementary and secondary schools. Focuses on the production of curricular materials for actual use and evaluation. Permission of instructor. Each semester. May be repeated (as topics vary) for nine credits.
SCED 571: PROGRAM FOR IMPROVING ELEMENTARY SCIENCE (PIES) 3 s.h.
PIES promotes effective science teaching and instructional leadership in science in the elementary school. In-service teachers, through hands-on investigations in the life, physical, and earth sciences, acquire knowledge of science, increase their skills in using science process skills, and develop positive attitudes toward science. A similar course, SCED 471: Program for Improving Elementary Science, is offered for undergraduate, senior, elementary majors. On demand. Permission of instructor required.
SCED 572: PROGRAM FOR ENHANCING EDUCATIONAL LEADERSHIP IN SCIENCE (PEELS) 1 s.h.
PEELS involves elementary administrator/teacher teams in exemplary science experiences. Teams are instructed in science process skills, effective science teaching strategies, development of science program goals, and the application of science education research to elementary school science programs. Each team designs and implements an action plan which focuses on specific actions for the improvement of science in their own schools. On demand. Permission of instructor required.
SCED 573: CREATIVE INTEGRATION OF SCIENCE IN ELEMENTARY EDUCATION (CISEE) 3 s.h.
CISEE helps in-service elementary teachers learn how to integrate science content and science-process skills with other subject areas, including reading and language arts, math, social studies, physical education, art, music, and microcomputer education. Emphasis on the use of hands-on investigations; teachers are required to design and implement lessons for their own students which demonstrate the integration of science and other elementary curriculum areas. On demand. Permission of instructor required.
SCED 574: SCIENCE AND SOFTWARE FOR ELEMENTARY TEACHERS 2 s.h.
Helps elementary teachers identify, select, and integrate science courseware appropriate for implementation into existing elementary school science curricula. Participants use exemplary science courseware to introduce, enhance, and reinforce related hands-on science activities. The culminating project for this course is the presentation of action research findings related to the relationships between microcomputers and hands-on elementary school science. On demand. Permission of instructor required.
SCED 575: CAREER ORIENTATION IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (COST) 3 s.h.
COST involves middle/junior high teachers in utilizing the skills of community resource people to demonstrate the need for science in many careers-including those not traditionally associated with science. The format of the course follows the COMETS (Career Orientated Modules to Explore Topics in Science) model. Teachers learn where to find science-resource people and how to work with the resource person to present lessons in the classroom. Teachers implement lessons with a resource person during the course. On demand. Permission of instructor required.
SCED 576: SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, AND SOCIETY: TOPICS FOR TEACHERS 3 s.h.
Interdisciplinary course covering topics in biology, earth science, chemistry, and physics designed to acquaint students with information, curricula, and teaching methodologies appropriate for teaching STS topics in traditional science courses. Students will be involved in studies and hands-on activities concerning science computer software, testing water for chemical and biological agents, and remote sensing techniques in geology, geography, physics, and medicine. Investigates and discusses ethical issues and scientific principles concerning computers, energy, nuclear waste, biotechnology, and others, will be investigated and discussed. Participants develop curriculum activities for implementation in their science discipline. Required for environmental biology, general science, and earth science certification.
SCED 577: MICROCOMPUTERS SCIENCE LABORATORY INTERFACE 1 s.h.
This course is designed to instruct elementary and/or secondary science teachers in basic interfacing and interfacing applications for their own classrooms. Course participants construct interfacing materials, set up related science investigations, and analyze data collected from the constructed probes. Course participants also explore possible uses for interfacing equipment in the science curriculum. On demand. Permission of instructor required.
SCED 578: INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION FOR THE COMMONWEALTH (ITEC I) 3 s.h.
ITEC I is designed to provide teachers with computer literacy, programming skills, and experiences with exemplary courseware and software. The course is designed specifically for computer novices. Teachers will learn to operate and program microcomputers while developing skills needed for teaching their students to use microcomputers for classroom applications. The course also prepares teachers to evaluate courseware and software appropriate for use in their school curriculum. On demand. Permission of instructor required.
SCED 579: INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION FOR THE COMMONWEALTH (ITEC II) 3 s.h.
Provides K-12 educators with intermediate-level competencies to effectively integrate microcomputer courseware, hardware, and related microprocessor technology into the teaching and learning process. Instructional theory for the design and evaluation of solutions to problems of learning, and using computer technology as a tool, will also be emphasized in the course. Students will complete a computer-generated portfolio of related lesson plans, handouts, transparencies, etc. On demand. Permission of instructor required.
SCED 585: PLANETARIUM OPERATION AND MANAGEMENT 3 s.h.
An introduction to the techniques of operation and maintenance of planetarium projectors. Opportunities are provided for writing and presenting programs at various levels of instruction. The use of auxiliary projectors, the production of audiovisual materials, multimedia displays and live versus programmed presentations are emphasized. Prerequisite: ES 200 and 201 or consent of instructor. On demand.
SCED 600: RESEARCH PROJECT IN SCIENCE EDUCATION 1-3 s.h.
With the approval of his or her advisor a student may research a selected topics related to the teaching of elementary and/or secondary science. Permission of instructor. Each semester. Maximum credits allowable toward graduation: 9 credits.