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:: Course Offerings

The course offerings at Clarion University of PA go through an extensive review process by the Committee on Courses and Programs of Study (CCPS).  This course offerings list is a comprehensive list of courses that could be offered; it does not mean they are currently being offered.

For a complete list of courses offered on the current or upcoming schedules, see the Registrar's page Schedule of Classes.

To start a new search enter the course number of the subject or title you are searching in the box below.



Course Id (currently sorted in Ascending order) Course Description
ACTG 201
Introduces accounting, the language of business. Emphasizes accounting terminology, concepts, and the interpretation and use of accounting information for decision-making. Designed for non-business freshman students only. May not be used to satisfy c,ore or major requirements for degrees in business administration. Students who have passed ACTG 251 may not schedule this course. No prerequisite. Each semester.|
ACTG 251
Examines the principles and procedures for collecting, recording, summarizing, and reporting financial information. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing only at Clarion Campus. Each semester. Fall, annually at Venango.|
ACTG 252
Analyzes aspects of accounting that aid managers. Includes budgeting, cost behavior and systems, alternate choice decisions, international accounting aspects, and cash flow. Prerequisites: Sophomore standing only at Clarion Campus, and ACTG 251. Each, semester. Spring, annually at Venango.|
ACTG 253
Presents fundamental accounting concepts and techniques applied in record keeping and accounting control of the production process. Prerequisite: ACTG 252. Spring, annually, Venango only.|
ACTG 254
Provides detailed coverage of payroll policy, records, wage calculation, deductions, and government reporting. Emphasizes tax form preparation. Prerequisite: ACTG 252. Fall, annually, Venango only.|
ACTG 255
Focuses on procedures for financial statement preparation and the use of accounting information as a basis for decision making by management, owners, creditors, and other users of financial statements. Prerequisite: ACTG 251. Spring, annually, Venango, only.|
ACTG 256
Explains which types of income are taxable and which expenses are deductible. Covers both filling out and filing individual, partnership, and corporate tax returns. Prerequisite: ACTG 251. Fall, annually, Venango only.|
ACTG 350
Explores accounting theory and practice. Includes accounting for current assets, investments, plant and equipment, and intangibles. Emphasizes developing the student's technical and problem-solving ability. Prerequisite: ACTG 252. Each semester.|
ACTG 351
Examines accounting theory and practice. Includes accounting for current and long-term liabilities, corporate equity, pension plans, long-term leases, income taxes, accounting changes, and cash flows. Emphasizes developing the student's technical and, problem-solving ability. Prerequisite: ACTG 350 or consent of instructor. Each semester.|
ACTG 352
Analyzes cost principles, procedures, systems, controls, and analysis. Considers standard cost systems with the two basic cost accounting systems. Stresses cost accounting as a tool for management decision-making based on management information syste,ms. Includes flexible budgets, accounting for by-products and joint products, transfer pricing, and environmental costs. Prerequisite: ACTG 252. Each semester.|
ACTG 353
Examines federal income, estate, and gift taxation. Considers problems of compliance with the law by individuals, partnerships, corporations, estates, and trusts. Prerequisite: ACTG 252. Each semester.|
ACTG 354
A study of the purposes, the ethical and legal environment, financial analysis, and selected auditing techniques and procedures. Emphasizes developing the student's technical writing ability. Prerequisite: ACTG 351. Each semester.|
ACTG 451
A problem-oriented study of topics most often tested on the CPA exam. Includes inventory methods, long-term contracts, partnership, leases, consignments, installment sales, receivership, fiduciary accounting, and governmental accounting. Preparation,s for the practice portion of the CPA exam are emphasized. Prerequisite: ACTG 350. Spring Semester.|
ACTG 452
A study of advanced concepts of cost accounting to provide useful quantitative information for decision-making. Includes inventory valuation, cost allocations, joint-product costs, process costing, accounting systems, profit center costs, and segment, performance measuring. Prerequisite: ACTG 352.|
ACTG 453
Examines federal income tax concepts and compliance problems of partnerships, corporations, estates, and trusts. Briefly considers Social Security, estate, and gift taxation. Prerequisite: ACTG 353.|
ACTG 454
Helps students develop a holistic approach to the concepts and practices for the examination and exploration of accounting systems. Discusses specialized accounting systems in detail, depending on the interest and desires of students. Prerequisites:,ACTG 251, 252, 350, 351, 354, CIS 223, and 301.|
ACTG 455
A study of the principles and practices of budgeting and accounting for activities of entities that are operated for purposes other than making profits. Prerequisite: ACTG 351.|
ACTG 456
Considers modern development in accounting, including recent studies and pronouncements by accounting authorities such as the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants and the Securities and Exchange Commission. Analyzes the problems of acco,unting for consolidation and partnership equity. Emphasizes developing the student's technical and problem-solving abilities. Prerequisite: ACTG 351. On demand.|
ACTG 461
Studies the influence of cultural values on the practice and theory of accounting and developing sensitivity to the differences and similarities of different accounting systems. Includes consolidation, translation of foreign currency statements, infl,ation, replacement cost accounting of global-oriented corporations and harmonization of accounting standards. Prerequisite: ACTG 252.|
ACTG 463
Acquaints students with tax planning techniques that can be used to accomplish an individual's financial goals. Enables students to suggest actions that fit the individual's financial priorities based on an understanding of financial position, cash f,low and income, gift and estate tax matters. Prerequisite: ACTG 353.|
ACTG 490
A research study of current Financial Accounting Standards Board statements of standards, interpretations, concepts, exposure drafts, and discussion memorandums. The internship experience and related research topics will be presented, discussed, and,integrated with the pronouncements. Prerequisite: COOP 420, Accounting Internship.|
ACTG 499
Presents various current topics affecting accounting practice and theory. Covers different topics from year to year as subjects of importance are identified. Prerequisite: ACTG 351 or consent of instructor.|
ACTG 500
A study of the principles and procedures for collecting, recording, summarizing, and reporting financial information. Each semester.|
ACTG 552
A graduate course for non-accounting majors which deals with the application of concepts and tools of accounting analysis necessary for planning, control, and decision-making functions of national and multinational organizations. Topics include finan,cial statement analysis and interpretation, budgeting, standards, and forecasting. Prerequisites: ACTG 251 and ACTG 252.|
ACTG 554
An advanced study of current topics in auditing. The course is intended to develop more complex issues than those encountered in an introductory auditing course. Topics include current audit influences, special problems with audit reports, SEC practi,ce, computer auditing, and related topics. Prerequisite: ACTG 354 (or its equivalent).|
ACTG 650
A study of past and contemporary accounting theories. The course is concerned with the historical development of accounting and its evolution to present times. Present-day accounting concepts are critically examined from the standpoint of how well th,ey serve the needs of those who use the products of accounting. Prerequisite: ACTG 351 (or its equivalent) or permission of the instructor.|
ACTG 652
A study of complex problems in cost accounting. Use of cost accounting as a tool for managerial control is emphasized. Prerequisite: ACTG 352 (or its equivalent) or permission of the instructor.|
ACTG 653
A study of federal tax law emphasizing the underlying philosophy of the law. Research procedures and techniques in the handling of complicated problems in tax practice and tax planning will be set forth. Prerequisite: ACTG 453 (or its equivalent) or,permission of the instructor.|
BSAD 237
This seminar course is designed to give students an opportunity to travel internationally for a two week period to at least three centers of business and industry. The tour includes lectures and company visits. The third week will be used to summariz,e the visits and complete term projects. Students will need to pay for the cost of travel in addition to tuition expenses.|
BSAD 238
Designed to provide an introduction to the present and potential role of the legal assistant within our legal system. The student will be introduced to the operation of the court structure and the tasks handled by paralegals within this structure., Introduction to legal research and office computers as well as ethical obligations of the Legal Assistant will be emphasized. A prerequisite for all other Legal Business Studies courses.|
BSAD 239
In-depth study of all of the area of family law encountered by a legal assistant. Includes divorce, custody, child and spousal support, adoptions, termination of parental rights, and abuse of family members. Students learn both substantive law and pr,ocedure. Includes the creation of legal pleadings in the family law area. Prerequisite: BSAD 240. Biennially, Fall Semester at Venango.|
BSAD 240
Surveys law and society. Orients students to the judicial systems of the United States and the legal remedies and mechanisms at their disposal. Compares and contrasts both civil and equitable court functions through the illustrations of common law co,ntracts, torts, criminal law, property law, and the administration of decedents' estates. Each semester at Clarion Campus. Fall annually at Venango.|
BSAD 241
Applies concepts explored in BSAD 240, Legal Environment I, in a business context. Emphasizes general substantive business law topics; i.e.: agency, partnerships, corporations, sales, negotiable instruments, and real property. Prerequisite: BSAD 240., Each semester at Clarion Campus. Spring, annually at Venango.|
BSAD 242
Students learn the traditional legal research materials and brief writing techniques, including use of digests and citators. Emphasizes legal research in the area of administrative law. Prerequisite: BSAD 240. Spring, annually, Venango only.|
BSAD 243
Provides instruction regarding the administration of the probate estate as well as necessary documentation and filing requirements. Students gain understanding of various laws governing transfer of property at death as well as tax consequences of suc,h a transfer. Students also study creation of trusts and transfers during life. Concepts are applied to the actual drafting of wills, trusts, codicils, and ancillary documents. Prerequisite: BSAD 240. Biennially, Fall Semester at Venango.|
BSAD 244
In-depth study of various administrative law topics. Familiarizes students with statutes and regulations supporting Social Security, unemployment compensation, and workmen's compensation. Involves study of judicial precedent and mock hearing practice,. Prerequisite: BSAD 240. Biennially, Spring Semester at Venango.|
BSAD 246
In-depth study of various court procedures, including discovery, that the legal assistant will use in supporting an attorney during litigation. Familiarizes students with the rules of court, including both criminal and civil practice. Instructs legal, assistants on how to prepare various court documents. Prerequisite: BSAD 240. Offered at Venango.|
BSAD 247
Includes estates in land, property sales contracts, deed preparation, title abstracts, searching courthouse records, adverse possession, easements, judgments and liens, tax sales, and the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act. Students learn to compl,ete all necessary documents involved in all real estate transactions and to prepare all histories of title so that the attorney may certify the title and complete closing. Prerequisite: BSAD 240. Biannually, Spring Semester at Venango.|
BSAD 248
Detailed study of the various writing tasks performed by a legal assistant. Students become proficient at writing pleadings, trial briefs, appellate briefs, legal memoranda, demand letters, and informational requests. Familiarizes students with vario,us briefing techniques and rules of style. Explores the required briefing forms of various courts and administrative appeal agencies. Prerequisites: BSAD 240 and 242. Fall, annually at Venango.|
BSAD 249
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BSAD 250
An introduction to the procedures and practice of criminal law. This course will examine the development of law and an analysis of the criminal system bureaucracy, including punishment, courts and police. This course shall survey the system from th,e initial contact with the offender through prosecution, sentencing and release to the community.|
BSAD 340
A study of environmental law and policy in the United States. Explores the method in which business entities and environmental organization--government and nongovernment--achieve compliance. Focuses on case law providing legal remedies for environmen,tal torts and crimes. Prerequisite: BSAD 240. Spring, annually.|
BSAD 341
A study of international law and agreements affecting the global commons. Examines the process by which international accord is reached and enforced and the effects of GATT and NAFTA on environmental regulation. Analyzes the effects of transfrontier,pollution, resource allocation and industrialization. Provides case studies involving the redress of environmental wrongs. Prerequisite: BSAD 240 or permission of the instructor. Fall, annually.|
BSAD 437
Focuses on developing an understanding of the problems and opportunities faced by international organizations. In order to best achieve both micro and macro perspectives in the study of international aspects of the business, students visit businesses, abroad for discussions with top-level executives. In addition to international travel, the students will meet with the instructor for a series of briefing and debriefing sessions. An additional three credits may be taken (for a total of six) on an i,ndividualized basis. Prerequisite: MGMT 320. Junior standing.|
BSAD 448
Advanced legal research and writing procedures. Online research methodology shall be incorporated into the study of the various writing tasks performed by a legal assistant. The student will become proficient at writing pleadings, trial briefs, app,ellate briefs, legal memoranda, demand letters, and informational requests as well as the preparation of contracts for sale, deeds, leases and easements. Title abstracting, search for general liens tax liens, and property closing procedures will be,emphasized. The student will learn Motion Practice, Federal Practice and Discovery. Advanced legal research and writing techniques such as legislative history, argumentative briefs, depositions and interrogatories will be practiced.|
BSAD 490
Requires students to synthesize what had been learned in the separate business fields and to utilize this knowledge in the analysis of complex problems. Emphasizes organizational and industry research and its application to strategic decision making,. Capstone course for a degree in business administration. Prerequisites: MGMT 320, MKTG 360, and FIN 370. Each semester.|
BSAD 491
Explores in depth a problem or area of business under the direction of a faculty member of the college. Prerequisites: 2.75 QPA and consent of both instructor and department head. Maximum credit granted in BSAD 491 is six credits.|
BSAD 494
Introduces students to successful business practices. Several prominent business men and women from the local area give a series of lectures concerning their business philosophies and practices. Assists students in bringing together knowledge attaine,d from the business curriculum and suggesting practical applications of that knowledge. Prerequisite: MGMT 320.|
BSAD 503
Quantitative techniques and models which can be used for solving many of the problems that arise in business. Techniques include simple and multiple regression analysis, experimental design and analysis of variance, nonparametric tests, time series,analysis, decision theory. Opportunity is provided for students to become familiar with the use of several computer statistical software packages. Applications include domestic and international situations. Prerequisites: MBA Foundations courses in E,conomics and Business Statistics and Business Mathematics. Basic computer competency is required.|
BSAD 540
This course is design to provide the MBA student with an understanding of the concepts and issues related to the management of legal, ethical and social responsibilities of business organizations. Students learn the basic tools needed to manage a bus,iness in the legal environment in which it operates, to recognize and respond to ethical problems and social responsibilities of business, and to understand their personal responsibilities as business managers. Prerequisite: Graduate standing.|
BSAD 637
This course incorporates an established program involving a consortium of American universities called the International Business Seminar. The program involves a variety of trips to different nations for meetings with top-level executives of various,organizations. The program is supplemented with a series of meetings with the instructors both before and after returning from the trips. Individual assignments are made, and a text which includes topical materials is provided. The assignments are of, a graduate-level caliber, and are expected to produce presentable and/or publishable papers. Participation in seminars is expected to be at the graduate level. Should the student take this course for six credits, additional research will be required|
BSAD 661
This course is designed to provide the MBA student with an understanding of the concepts, tools, and issues related to the strategic management of a modern business organization in the global environment. Students will be exposed to characteristics,of the international business environment in relation to core theories of international business. The skills needed by managers to make informed ethical business decisions in a diverse and complex global environment will be stressed. Prerequisites:, MBA foundation course in Macroeconomics.|
BSAD 690
Examines the set of managerial decisions and actions that determine the long-run performance of an organization. Emphasizes the integrative concerns of business policy, environmental and strategic analyses, and creating competitive advantage. Taken, last MBA semester and after all foundation courses.|
BSAD 699
A thorough study of a business topic selected by the student from his or her area of major interest. It may take the form of research, readings, practical on-site applications, or a combination of these. Findings must be presented in a written paper,which the student may be required to defend orally before a committee of graduate faculty and/or graduate students. Prerequisites: One or more graduate courses in the area from which the special project is selected, and consent of the student?s advis,or.|
COOP 320
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COOP 321
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COOP 322
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COOP 323
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COOP 324
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COOP 325
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COOP 326
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COOP 327
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COOP 329
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COOP 330
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COOP 396
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COOP 420
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COOP 421
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COOP 422
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COOP 423
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COOP 424
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COOP 425
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COOP 426
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COOP 427
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COOP 429
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COOP 430
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ECON 140
Examines major aspects of personal financial management, including budgeting of income and expenditures, transactions, and relations with banks and other lending institutions, insurance and retirement plans, home ownership, personal taxes, savings, a,nd investment plans. B.S.B.A. majors may apply this course only as a free elective. Each semester.|
ECON 150
Introductory analysis of economic factors associated with an aging population. Includes the economics of providing for income maintenance, housing, health care, social service, and leisure activities. Discusses the economic implications of individual,s and the economy. Spring, biennially.|
ECON 161
Introduction to basic principles of economics through the examination of contemporary global economic problems. Issues include basic economic development and trade, economic causes of global conflict, patterns of international capital flows, global,energy dependence, and international human capital transfers. The course is aimed at developing a basic understanding of the economic dimension of global business and political issues. Every Fall.|
ECON 175
Introduces the history of economics as a social science, the theory and application of microeconomics and macroeconomics, international economics, and economic alternatives in current social problems. Freshman-level course can be used only as general, education elective in either the associate's degree program or the baccalaureate degree programs. Majors in the College of Business Administration are excluded from the course. Each semester.|
ECON 202
Examines the interdependence between the economy and the environment. Analyzes alternative theories of justice used in deciding environmental issues. Explores economic perspectives of problem resolutions in general and with respect to specific enviro,nmental problems. Spring, annually.|
ECON 211
Introduces macroeconomics, national income analysis, money and banking, monetary and fiscal policies, inflation, unemployment, and international finance. Note: ECON 211 and 212 may be taken in either sequence. Each semester. Fall, annually at Venango,.|
ECON 212
Introduces microeconomics, consumer behavior and demand, organization of production, market structures, the pricing of inputs and outputs, and international trade. Note: ECON 211 and 212 may be taken in either sequence. Each semester.|
ECON 215
This course is an accelerated combination of Economics 211 and Economics 212. Topics covered are national income analysis, money and banking, monetary and fiscal policies, inflation, unemployment, consumer behavior and demand, organization of produc,tion, market structures, the pricing of inputs and outputs, and international trade and payments.|
ECON 221
Covers descriptive statistics, probability, probability distributions, mathematical expectation, sampling distributions, and confidence intervals. Emphasizes application of these statistical techniques in the areas of business and economics. Prerequi,sites: College algebra or equivalent and sophomore standing. Each semester. Fall, annually at Venango.|
ECON 222
Covers hypothesis testing, the analysis of variance, regression and correlation analysis, non-parametric statistics, and time series and index numbers analysis. Emphasizes applications of these techniques in the area of business and economics. Introd,uces students to the use of a prewritten computer statistical estimation program. Prerequisite: ECON 221. Each semester.|
ECON 230
This course is an accelerated combination of Economics 221 and Economics 222. Topics covered are descriptive statistics, probability, probability distributions, mathematical expectation, sampling distributions, confidence intervals, hypothesis testi,ng, the analysis of variance and covariance, regression and correlation analysis, nonparametric statistics, and time series analysis. Applications of these techniques in the area of business and economics are emphasized. Statistical computer routin,es will be used. This course cannot be used to meet general education requirements.|
ECON 309
The application of microeconomic analysis to managerial decision-making in the global environment. Topics include decision-making under uncertainty, demand and demand estimation, production and cost theory, statistical estimation of production and c,ost functions, market structures, and pricing decisions. The course is designed for upper-division business administration students and utilizes tools covered in required lower-division prerequisite courses. Prerequisite: ECON 222.|
ECON 310
Examines the behavior of consumers, producers, and the economic theory of production and output determination in commodity and resource markets. Prerequisite: ECON 212. Each semester.|
ECON 311
Explores national income accounting and analysis, theories of consumption and investment expenditures, the role of money in a dynamic economy, economic growth, and public policy. Prerequisite: ECON 211. Fall, annually.|
ECON 312
Analyzes alternative patterns of economic control, planning, and market structure. Compares and evaluates experiences under capitalism, socialism, and mixed economics. Prerequisites: ECON 211 and 212. Spring, annually.|
ECON 314
Introduces subnational economics. Includes elementary trade theory, location theory, systems of cities, land use changes, and the employment and income generating activities of cities. Emphasizes the economics of housing, transportation, poverty, dis,crimination, and public sector activity. Prerequisites: ECON 211 and ECON 212. Spring, biennially.|
ECON 323
Applies the statistical methods of probability, sampling, estimation, analysis of variance, regression, and correlation in the areas of economics and business. Prerequisite: ECON 222.|
ECON 342
Examines theoretical and empirical analysis of the effects of government policy on business behavior and economic efficiency in a market economy. Includes regulatory theory and policy; antitrust policy; social regulation of business and markets; and,international trade policy. Prerequisites: ECON 211 and 212. Spring, biennially.|
ECON 351
Applies theory of the market to labor. Stresses the evolution of labor law, collective bargaining, labor unions, and government policy. Prerequisites: ECON 211 and 212. Fall, annually.|
ECON 361
Examines theory and practice of international trade. Considers balance of payments, foreign exchange, national commercial policies, international investment, and foreign aid. Prerequisites: ECON 211 and 212. Fall, annually.|
ECON 363
Surveys development models, development policies, and problems of development in developing countries. Identifies major economic questions relevant to less-developed economies and showing how economic analysis can be used to further understanding of,the obstacles to development and formulating appropriate policies. Prerequisites: ECON 211 and ECON 212. Spring, annually.|
ECON 370
Explores nature and origins of money; the commercial banking system and money creation; central banking and the Federal Reserve System; monetary policy and domestic and international economic stability. Prerequisites: ECON 211 and 212. Spring, annual,ly.|
ECON 371
Analyzes public sector activity and its impact upon resource allocation and income distribution. Includes the theory of public expenditures, public choice, cost-benefit analysis, and fiscal federalism. Investigates the structure, incidence, and incen,tive effects of the personal income tax, corporate income tax, and various consumption and wealth taxes. Prerequisites: ECON 211 and 212. Fall, annually.|
ECON 450
This course is designed to give students a broad range of opportunities to enhance professional experience in their chosen field by developing a relevant service project, working with a business leader in a mentorship arrangement, or presenting resea,rch at a regional or national academic conference. A thesis derived from HON 350 (Junior Seminar) would also qualify if professionally presented. Each project must be approved by the director of the honors program and chairperson of the Economics D,epartment. Junior standing is required. Enrollment is restricted to students in one of the following: enrolled in the Honors Program or PHAROS program; have an overall QPA of 3.4 or higher; are in a post-baccalaureate status; or are enrolled in a g|
ECON 461
An applied analysis of international economics and the behavior of multinational corporations, with a special emphasis on the economics of technology transfer. Topics include: theory of the firm; foreign direct investment; intellectual property righ,ts; market imperfections; international trade; international finance; economic development; and technology transfer. Prerequisite: ECON 361, or consent of the instructor. Spring, biennially.|
ECON 470
Explores theories of business fluctuations; applications of modern income theory to business cycles; examination of business cycle indicators and forecasting techniques. Prerequisites: ECON 211 and 222, or consent of the instructor. Spring, annually.|
ECON 490
Examines development of economic ideas from ancient times to the present. Emphasizes the period from Adam Smith onward. Considers the economic and political environment in which ideas emerged as well as the leading economists advancing or defending t,he ideas. Prerequisites: ECON 211 and 212 and senior standing. Spring, annually.|
ECON 491
Provides an opportunity to explore in depth a problem or area of economics, according to the student's interest, under the direction of a faculty member of the department. Prerequisites: 2.75 QPA and consent of both instructor and department chair. M,aximum credit granted in ECON 491 is six credits.|
ECON 492
Provides an opportunity for students to investigate specific topics or current issues. Prerequisites depend upon the subject to be covered.|
ECON 500
This course is an accelerated combination of Economics 211 and Economics 212. Topics covered are national income analysis, money and banking, monetary and fiscal policies, inflation, unemployment, consumer behavior and demand, organization of produc,tion, market structures, the pricing of inputs and outputs, and international trade.|
ECON 501
Introduces macroeconomics, national income analysis, money and banking, monetary and fiscal policies, inflation, unemployment, and international finance.|
ECON 502
Introduces microeconomics, consumer behavior and demand, organization of production, market structures, the pricing of inputs and outputs, and international trade.|
ECON 503
This course is an accelerated combination of Economics 221 and Economics 222. Topics covered are descriptive statistics, probability, probability distributions, mathematical expectation, sampling distributions, confidence intervals, hypothesis testi,ng, the analysis of variance and covariance, regression and correlation analysis, nonparametric statistics, and time series analysis. Applications of these techniques in the area of business and economics are emphasized. Statistical computer routin,es will be used. This course cannot be used to meet general education requirements.|
ECON 504
Covers descriptive statistics, probability, probability distributions, mathematical expectation, sampling distributions, and confidence intervals. Emphasizes application of these statistical techniques in the areas of business and economics. Prereq,uisites: College algebra or equivalent.|
ECON 505
Covers hypothesis testing, the analysis of variance, regression and correlation analysis, non-parametric statistics, and time series and index numbers analysis. Emphasizes applications of these techniques in the area of business and economics. Intr,oduces students to the use of a prewritten computer statistical estimation program. Prerequisite: ECON 221 or ECON 504.|
ECON 510
This course will focus on the development and practical application of theoretical and quantitative techniques to business decision-making, including international applications. Optimization techniques draw on the student?s knowledge of economics, ma,thematics, and statistics through modeling and the use of computer statistical packages. Prerequisite: Microeconomics foundation course, ECON 222, MATH 232.|
ECON 570
An advanced study of forecasting techniques and business conditions analysis. Topics include: economic indicator analysis, classical time series components, econometric forecasting techniques, exponential smoothing models, and ARIMA models. Emphasis,is placed on model development and evaluation using pre-written computer forecasting routines. Prerequisites: ECON 222 and macroeconomics foundation course.|
ECON 600
An opportunity for the graduate student to investigate in depth a facet of economics not covered by course offerings. The topic of study and course requirements must be approved by the Department of Economics chair, and the work must be supervised by, a faculty member. Prerequisites: ECON 603, ECON 510 or ECON 611, and other requirements as deemed appropriate by the faculty supervisor.|
ECON 611
An advanced study of the logical and mathematical development of microeconomic theories and the application of economic models to business problems. Major areas of study include demand theory, market models, welfare economics, and general equilibrium, analysis. Prerequisite: Microeconomics foundation course.|
ECON 612
An advanced study and analytical development of macroeconomic theory. Major areas include national income accounts, aggregate income determination models, monetary aggregates, and macro dynamics. Prerequisite: Macroeconomics foundation course.|
ECON 699
An opportunity for students to investigate specific topics or current issues on the graduate level. Prerequisites depend on the subject to be covered.|
ENG 307
Uses specialized formats and the composing process to introduce the unique type of writing used in the business and organizational world. Emphasizes identifying and addressing diverse audiences with the specific messages needed. Students critique all, types of communications, use collaborative learning techniques, and develop skills needed to communicate in a pluralistic society. Requires students to compose letters, memos, persuasive messages, and reports. All documents must be typewritten. Prer,equisite: Exemption from or successful completion of the general education writing requirement. Each semester.|
FIN 170
Introduces students to the rudiments of finance and elementary financial decision making. Surveys the basics of investments, financial management, and financial markets and institutions. No prerequisites. Annually.|
FIN 370
Examines the acquisition, management, and analysis of short-term and long-term funds both in the domestic and international environment. Emphasizes financial analysis, time value of money and valuation of securities, working capital management, capit,al budgeting under certainty and uncertainty, risk and return, cost of capital, and the optimal capital structure. Prerequisites: ECON 212 and ACTG 252. Each semester.|
FIN 371
In-depth study of corporate financial issues that face today's financial manager. Students learn to incorporate risk into capital budgeting decisions; study mergers and acquisitions; analyze bankruptcies, reorganizations, and lease financing; and stu,dy other advanced financial issues prevalent in today's domestic and multinational corporations. Prerequisite: FIN 370. Annually.|
FIN 373
A study of the concept of risk management and the several methods for handling risks. Emphasizes insurance as transfer method. Discusses fundamental principles of insurance, insurance as a contract, and the insurance policy, including property and li,ability coverage, life and health, and social insurance. Annually.|
FIN 374
In-depth study of property and liability risk exposures, personal and commercial lines, production, underwriting, claims, ratemaking, and loss control functions as well as regulations of insurance. Prerequisite: FIN 373. Spring, annually.|
FIN 375
Descriptive analysis of the operations of financial institutions, such as commercial banks, savings banks, insurance companies. Examines techniques and principles involved in the management of financial institutions. Prerequisites: ECON 211 and FIN 3,70. Annually.|
FIN 376
Examines investment goals and the current environment for investments, including the nature of the investment process and securities markets; analysis of risk and return, especially as it applies to common stocks, preferred stocks, and bonds; introdu,ction to portfolio management and portfolio theory. Prerequisite: FIN 370. Fall, annually.|
FIN 377
The role of a financial manager in the health care setting. A study of the theoretical and analytical procedures involved in medical fund raising, capital budgeting, expense analysis, rate structuring, and hospital asset management as well as other f,inancial abilities required in the operation and planning of modern health care facilities. Prerequisite: FIN 370. Offered on demand.|
FIN 378
This course will contain a review of each of the major segments of personal finance, including the financial planning process, cash budgeting, credit card and debt management, investing, insurance policies and strategies, tax planning strategies, ret,irement plans, employee benefits, and estates, wills, and trusts. This course is not available for Personal Finance majors or for any student who has completed FIN 474: Personal Financial Planning. Prerequisite: Junior standing or instructor's per,mission. Fall, biennially.|
FIN 399
Presents various current topics in finance theory and practice. Covers different topics from year to year, as subjects of importance are identified. Prerequisite: FIN 370. On demand.|
FIN 463
Acquaints students with tax planning techniques that can be used to accomplish an individual's financial goals. Enables students to suggest actions that fit the individual's financial priorities based on an understanding of financial position, cash f,low and income, gift and estate tax matters. Prerequisite: ACTG 353.|
FIN 471
Capstone course challenges students to integrate and synthesize, through case methods, their knowledge in finance. Emphasizes corporate finance in application of theoretical underpinning, but some cases also will deal with investments, financial inst,itutions, and markets. Prerequisite: FIN 371.|
FIN 473
An overview of individual income taxation, including an in-depth look at pensions, profit sharing, and other deferred compensation plans, estates, trusts, and applicable tax laws. Prerequisite: FIN 463. Once annually.|
FIN 474
Capstone course requires that students apply through case studies, written reports, and presentations each of the major segments of personal financial planning including the financial planning process, ethical and professional considerations of finan,cial planning, insurance policies and strategies, risk management, investment vehicles, tax planning strategies, retirement plans and employee benefits, and estate planning. Students are encouraged to complete the other courses within the Personal F,inancial Planning major prior to or contemporaneous with completion of this course. Prerequisite: FIN 370. Spring, annually.|
FIN 476
Examines modern portfolio theory and its application to investment strategies; study of options and future markets; investigation of market efficiency. Prerequisite: FIN 376. Annually|
FIN 480
Examines the theory and practice of financial management in the multinational firms. Focuses on important differences between domestic and international financial decision-making. Prerequisite: FIN 370.|
FIN 500
Examines the acquisition, management, and analysis of short-term and long-term funds both in the domestic and international environment. Emphasizes financial analysis, time value of money and valuation of securities, working capital management, capit,al budgeting under certainty and uncertainty, risk and return, cost of capital, and the optimal capital structure.|
FIN 570
A study of financial management approaches to evaluating complex alternatives for using available resources in both a domestic and a multinational context. Prerequisites: ACTG 252, FIN 370.|
FIN 671
A case-study approach to the theory and practice of corporate financial issues which must be addressed by a financial manager. Emphasis will be placed on capital budgeting decisions under varying circumstances and theoretical corporate financial conc,erns. Prerequisite: FIN 570.|
FIN 676
A study of the structure and management of investment portfolios. Various types of investments are examined in terms of their risk elements and the purposes they serve.|
FR 253
Study of the language needed to conduct common business transactions, and discuss financial and technological matters in French. Includes writing of business letters and reports in French. Emphasizes cultural differences between French and American, business practices. Prerequisite: FR 250 or 252, or equivalent.|
GER 254
A study of the language needed to conduct common business transactions, and discuss financial and technological matters in German. Requires writing of business letters and reports in German. Emphasizes cultural differences between German and American, business practices. Prerequisite: GER 250 or 252, or equivalent.|
IA 211
This course is designed to provide students with an introduction to the field of intellligence. Topics covered provide students with knowledge of the history of intelligence analysis and intelligence services, tools and skills used by the intelligenc,e analyst and the process used in the conduct basic intelligence research.|
IA 491
IA 491 is the capstone course for the minor in Intelligence Analysis. This course will provide a synthesis of the basic intelligence subjects from IA 211 with the student's knowledge base from their respective major area of concentration. This cour,se focuses on the analysis process, analysis products and reports, and the relationship between the analyst and the policy maker. Prerequisite: IA 211; Senior standing. Annually|
MGMT 120
Introduces students to the role of the business institiution in society and the challenges it faces. The course integrates the study of business within all functional areas of business, Economics, Accounting, Finance, Management and Marketing. The,course introduces students to professional standards in business through experiential learning opportunities. Required of all BSBA majors. Open to all students. Each semester. No prerequisites.|
MGMT 121
Introduces management and organization. Emphasizes managerial processes and functions and the interface of the manager with supervisors, subordinates, and the work environment. B.S.B.A. majors can apply this course to free electives only. Each semest,er, Venango only.|
MGMT 210
Explores the entrepreneurial process associated with new venture formation. Examines managerial processes as they relate to the operation of a small business. The role of a formal business plan is highlighted and developed. Highlights the preparatio,n involved in the formation of a new venture, developing the entrepreneurial plan, and adapting to comtemporary challenges facing the entrepreneur. B.S.B.A. majors can apply this course to free electives only. Prerequisite: MGMT 120. Spring, annually,. Venango only.|
MGMT 227
Prepares students for a position as a first-time supervisor and includes the essential elements of good management practices and stresses application rather than theoretical supervision concepts. B.S.B.A. majors can apply this course to free elective,s only. Prerequisites: sophomore standing and MGMT 120. Spring, annually, Venango only.|
MGMT 228
Explores how basic psychological principles can be used to describe, explain, and predict individuals' on-the-job thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. Includes personality, motivation, perception, attitudes, stress, communication, learning, leadership,, group behavior, cooperation, decision-making, and research methods. B.S. business administration majors can apply this course to free electives only. No prerequisite. On demand at both the Clarion and Venango Campuses.|
MGMT 320
Focuses on the development of management thought and its application. Includes planning, organizing, controlling, decision-making, motivation, leadership, work groups, and organizational change and development. Considers the domestic and internationa,l environments and changing societal values. Prerequisites: ECON 211, ECON 212, and junior standing. Each semester.|
MGMT 321
Focuses on the managerial application of behavioral science research and theory in dealing with individuals, groups, and organizations. Prerequisite: MGMT 121 or 320. Each semester.|
MGMT 322
Shows managers how to develop business management information systems, either on their own or with the aid of system technicians. Simulates the systems techniques in organizing and analysis that the student will use in practice. Prerequisite: MGMT 32,0. Each semester.|
MGMT 323
Explores the challenges and prospects of initiating and operating a small business. Emphasizes strategies for creating and maintaining a sustainable competitive advantage in the marketplace. Highlights sources and uses of information needed for small, business decision-making. Prerequisite: MGMT 320. Once every three semesters.|
MGMT 324
A study of the activities involved in human resource management. Includes high performance work systems, job analysis, human resource planning, recruitment, selection, equal employment opportunity, training and development, performance appraisal, com,pensation practices, and safety and health. Prerequisite: MGMT 320. Each semester.|
MGMT 360
The course provides an overview of the role of communication in leadership in a variety of contexts, including interpersonal, small group, intercultural, organizational, and public sphere. It includes theoretical and experiential approaches to effec,tive leadership communication. Students will analyze their personal leadership styles and develop leadership communication skills.|
MGMT 420
Examines scientific methods that provide managers with a quantitative basis for making decisions. Emphasizes deterministic and stochastic methods, including the transportation method, linear and dynamic programming, PERT, inventory control, queuing t,heory, and Markov analysis. Prerequisite: ECON 222.|
MGMT 423
A study of concepts of, and theories about, interrelationships between business units and society in general. Employs the concepts and theories in the analysis of complex environmental problems encountered by business managers. Prerequisite: MGMT 32,0.|
MGMT 425
Examines the philosophy of F.W. Taylor and other management pioneers, the nature of the production cycle, simplification and diversification of product lines, purchasing, materials, control, routing, scheduling, dispatching, and plant layout. Prerequ,isites: ECON 221, 222, and MGMT 320. Each semester.|
MGMT 426
Introduces the international environment and the growing discipline of multinational business in this environment--i.e., multinational management of strategic planning, organization, production, research and development, marketing, finance, and human, resources. Prerequisite: MGMT 320. Each semester.|
MGMT 427
Hands-on approach to the study of small business as it applies to the various sectors of the economy. Students gain direct exposure to small business through the development of a formal business plan for a new small business. Emphasizes the entrepren,eurial activities involved as they relate to this process. Prerequisite: MGMT 320.|
MGMT 428
Explores entrepreneurship and the entrepreneurial process associated with new venture formation. Emphasizes creativity and innovation as they relate to the initiation of a new business. Highlights the preparation involved in the formation of a new ve,nture, developing the entrepreneurial plan, and adapting to contemporary challenges facing the entrepreneur. Prerequisite: MGMT 320.|
MGMT 430
Provides students with an understanding of how the principles and concepts of management theory can be applied to sports administration. Prerequisite: MGMT 320. Every other semester.|
MGMT 445
Designed for management majors as a follow-up course to MGMT 320. Presents the views of numerous management theorists and practitioners. Includes broad ranging areas of study and an integration of these areas through discussion, individual written an,d oral reports, and some case analyses. Students analyze and integrate theory and practice as a means of increasing his or her understanding of the management process. Prerequisites: MGMT 320 and senior standing. On demand.|
MGMT 450
Examines Total Quality Management (TQM), including the philosophies and principles of Deming, Juran, and Crosby. Focuses on the management and continuous improvement of quality and productivity in manufacturing and service organizations. Includes qua,lity measurement, quality assurance, giving employees responsibility for quality, the team approach to quality, employee recognition, and various TQM tools and techniques. Prerequisite: MGMT 320. Annually.|
MGMT 470
Introduces students to basic project management concepts and reinforces those concepts through the use of project management software. Provides students with the knowledge and skills necessary to plan, organize and control information technology pro,jects. Key topics include monitoring and controlling schedules, progress reporting, risk management, quality management, cost management as well as contracting and procurement. Graduate students will analyze a case study; present it to the class; a,nd provide a 10-15 page written report on the case study analysis to the instructor. Prerequisites: CIS 301 and MGMT 320 or permission of instructor.|
MGMT 482
A study of the negotiation and scope of collective bargaining contracts; the substance of bargaining power and institutional goals are applied in the resolution of industrial conflict. Prerequisite: MGMT 324. At least once every three semesters.|
MGMT 483
A study of the processes in analyzing, developing, implementing, administering, and performing on-going evaluation of a total compensation and benefit system for all organizational groups. Prerequisite: MGMT 324.|
MGMT 485
Examines the industrial relations functions as they relate to federal, state, and local statutes and industrial policies. Includes OSHA, EEOA, NLRA, LMRA, and LMRDA, workers' compensation, and unemployment compensation. Prerequisite: MGMT 324.|
MGMT 486
Provides students with information concerning management techniques, government regulations and safety, and health program development within organizational settings. Prerequisite: MGMT 320.|
MGMT 499
Presents various current topics affecting management practice or theory. Different topics may be covered from year to year as subjects of critical importance or interest occur. Prerequisites: Junior standing and MGMT 320.|
MGMT 500
Focuses on the development of management thought and its application. Includes planning, organizing, controlling, decision-making, motivation, leadership, work groups, and organizational change and development. Considers the domestic and internationa,l environments and changing societal values.|
MGMT 521
Studies the ways in which leaders, groups and individuals interact in organizations and how leadership plays important roles in organizations in today's business environments. Covers various leadership and organization issues including theoretical f,oundations of leadership and organizations, roles of top management, corporate governance, organizationoal culture and change, stakeholder analysis, leading and managing groups, motivation and influence, satisfaction, and leadership development. Int,roduces students' business competency portfolios. Prerequisites: MGMT 320.|
MGMT 570
Introduces students to basic project management concepts and reinforces those concepts through the use of project management software. Provides students with the knowledge and skills necessary to plan, organize and control projects. Key topics incl,ude monitoring and controlling schedules, progress reporting, risk management, quality management, cost management as well as contracting and procurement. Graduate students will analyze a case study; present it to the class; and provide a 10-15 page, written report on the case study analysis to the instructor. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor or MGMT 500.|
MGMT 621
A study of human resources management issues and practices in business organizations. Topics covered include the analysis and design of jobs, staffing the organization, training, and development of employees, and the design and administration of comp,ensation systems. Prerequisite: MGMT 320.|
MGMT 622
A study of the nature, organization, and operation of multinational firms. Selected cases of foreign operations of multinational corporations are discussed and analyzed. Prerequisite: MGMT 320.|
MGMT 625
A synthesis of industrial relations theory and practice. The union/employer relationship will be explored from the union organization drive through the continued negotiation of collective bargaining agreements, and attendant grievance arbitration pro,cedures. Prerequisite: MGMT 320.|
MGMT 626
Addresses the understanding of how business information systems and business operations, with special emphasis on supply chain management, are integrated and managed in the modern enterprise. Utilizes both live-case and classroom instruction to faci,litate student understanding of the material. Prerequisite: BSAD 503.|
MGMT 650
Examines Total Quality Management (TQM), including the philosophies and principles of Deming, Juran, and Crosby. Focuses on the management and continuous improvement of quality and productivity in manufacturing and service organizations. Includes qua,lity measurement, quality assurance, giving employees responsibility for quality, the team approach to quality, employee recognition, and various TQM tools and techniques. Prerequisite: MGMT 320.|
MKTG 160
Introduces contemporary issues in marketing and e-marketing in society and the world. Includes discussion of and composition of themes dealing with the impact of marketing on the society, its values, and the individual. May not be used to satisfy cor,e or major requirements for degrees in business administration. Students who have passed MKTG 360 may not schedule this course. B.S.B.A. majors may apply this course only as a free elective. On demand.|
MKTG 360
The process in our society by which needs and wants of consumers are anticipated and satisfied. An examination of a systems approach to and analysis of the organizational function and the set of processes for creating, communicating and delivering v,alue to customers and for managing customer relationships in ways that benefit the organization and its stakeholders. Students develop an understanding of the increasing complexity of the modern marketing system, why it is essential, and how it perf,orms in both domestic and international marketing situations. Prerequisites: ECON 175 or 212, and junior standing. Each semester.|
MKTG 361
A study of coordinative effort in planning, organizing, and controlling marketing and e-marketing activities that direct the flow of goods and services from producer to consumer. Prerequisite: MKTG 360. On demand.|
MKTG 362
Introduces students to the field of retailing and e-tailing where they will study such areas as organizational structure, merchandising practices and procedures, promotional activities, store planning, control, etc. Prerequisite: MKTG 360, or instruc,tor approval. On demand.|
MKTG 363
Examines the uses of advertising and advertising campaigns by business and e-business which give emphasis to the patterns and types of marketing strategy and its various functions, legal and moral obligations, problems in developing and evaluating ad,vertising programs, budgeting, scheduling, and client-advertising agency relationship. Prerequisite: MKTG 360. On demand.|
MKTG 366
Examines factors involved in the selection of marketing and e-marketing channels and problems involved in managing the task efficiently. Prerequisite: MKTG 360. On demand.|
MKTG 369
Offers upper-level business students the opportunity to study effective approaches to marketing and e-marketing of services. Includes non-profit and commercial organizations. Utilizes a case study, discussion methodology to study the conceptual back,ground of services marketing. Prerequisite: MKTG 360; junior standing. On demand.|
MKTG 374
Examines real estate marketing and brokerage management. Topics include the regulatory environment, marketing, advertising, sales management, and personal selling. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: RE 271 or permission of Instructor. Offered biennially,.|
MKTG 461
Examines the application of scientific and statistical methods and tools to the solution of marketing and e-marketing problems. Prerequisites: ECON 221, 222, and MKTG 360.|
MKTG 462
Covers the process of personal selling and all aspects of the management of a sales force, including the selection and testing of sales representatives, training, devising compensation plans and expense accounts, territories, quotas, and evaluation., E-marketing topics are discussed. Prerequisite: MKTG 360. On demand.|
MKTG 463
Designed for both men and women. Explores the changing business, e-business, organizational, and marketing environments as they pertain to the increasing number of women in marketing. Examines the special problems and opportunities for women in marke,ting. Prerequisites: MKTG 360 and junior standing. On demand.|
MKTG 465
Utilizes the case and/or simulation gaming methods to consider the problems faced by the producer and reseller, including traditional marketing and e-marketing issues. Prerequisites: MKTG 360 and senior standing.|
MKTG 468
Examines theories, models, recent research, and research techniques in consumer motivation and decision making, and buyer-seller interaction, including consumer buyers, business and organizational buyers. Includes traditional consumer marketing, bus,iness-to-business and e-marketing issues. Prerequisites: MKTG 360 and PSY 211 or permission of the instructor. On demand.|
MKTG 469
Analytical approach to study marketing and e-marketing management decisions involving multinational operations. Focuses on the management of the marketing functions within the multinational corporation. Prerequisite: MKTG 360. On demand.|
MKTG 471
Provides the necessary background to evaluate prospective real estate investment analysis. Examines both financial and non-financial aspects of investing in real property including risk, market analysis, portfolio impacts, and income taxation conseq,uences. Prerequisites: RE 271. Offered biennially.|
MKTG 491
The study of concepts, vocabulary, and contemporary practices in e-marketing management including e-marketing planning,e-marketing mix decision-making, ethical and legal issues affecting the environment of e-marketing.|
MKTG 495
Presents various current topics that affect marketing practice or theory. Topics differ from year to year as subjects of critical importance arise. Prerequisite: MKTG 360 or permission of the instructor.|
MKTG 500
The process in our society by which needs and wants of consumers are anticipated and satisfied. An examination of a systems approach to and analysis of the organizational function and the set of processes for creating, communicating and delivering v,alue to customers and for managing customer relationships in ways that benefit the organization and its stakeholders. Students develop an understanding of the increasing complexity of the modern marketing system, why it is essential, and how it perf,orms in both domestic and international marketing situations. Prerequisites: ECON 175 or 212, and junior standing.|
MKTG 560
The analysis of marketing concepts and problems from a managerial point of view. Emphasis is placed upon planning, organizing, and controlling of marketing and e-marketing activities and their integration with the objectives and policies of the firm., Both domestic and multinational marketing concepts are addressed in this course. Prerequisite: MKTG 360 and ECON 222.|
MKTG 562
A study of components of a vertical marketing system and of the methods for making them effective. Also included are means of evaluating alternative marketing systems and the development of international marketing channels as well as e-marketing syst,ems. Prerequisite: MKTG 360.|
MKTG 570
This course will examine the fundamentals of real estate analysis. It will explore real property law, appraisal, finance, market and investment analysis, and property management.|
MKTG 604
Methods of solving marketing research problems, including library, survey, and experimental research methods; project design; data collection, analysis, and interpretation; presentation of marketing research reports for managerial user. Problems in i,nternational marketing research, e-marketing research, and research ethics are also included. Selection, design, and completion of a marketing-oriented research project and computer work are required. Prerequisite: ECON 603.|
MKTG 661
tudy of strategies for attaining a suitable ?marketing mix? for various types of entities including e-marketers. Marketing knowledge from previous courses and experiences will be applied to the formation of overall programs for dealing with both inte,rnational and domestic marketing problems. Prerequisite: MKTG 360.|
MUS 274
Introduces today's multi-faceted music industry. Includes music retailing, instrument sales, the music agent, artist management, contracts, concert promotion, licensing, publishing, copyright, songwriting, unions and guilds, music in production, adve,rtising and promotion, music in broadcasting and film, and career planning and development. Does not count toward humanities requirement. Prerequisite: sophomore standing.|
MUS 374
Explores special topics in the music industry, including the record industry; advanced issues in broadcasting and film; and career planning and development. Emphasizes individual projects in accordance with student interest. Prerequisite: MUS 274. Fa,ll, annually.|
RE 270
Introduces the broad area of real estate. Lays foundation of important principles for in-depth study. First in a two-sequence course (with RE 271) required to fulfill the educational requirement for licensure as a real estate salesperson in the state, of Pennsylvania. Each semester.|
RE 271
Introduces the practice of real estate brokerage, real estate appraisal, real estate finance, and real estate investments. Second in a two-sequence course (with RE 270) required to fulfill the educational requirement for licensure as a real estate sa,lesperson in the state of Pennsylvania. Prerequisite: RE 270. Annually.|
RE 372
Covers the legal relationships and legal instruments used in the practice of real estate. Prerequisite: RE 270. Annually.|
RE 373
A study of the methods of financing the purchase of real estate. Prerequisite or co-requisite: RE 271 or FIN 370. Annually.|
RE 374
Examines real estate marketing and brokerage management. Topics include the regulatory environment, marketing, advertising, sales management, and personal selling. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: RE 271 or permission of Instructor. Offered biennially,.|
RE 470
Introduces the principles of real estate appraisal. Focuses primarily upon those appraisal techniques and analyses which concern the estimation of the value of residential and commercial properties. Prerequisite or co-requisite: RE 271. Offered bienn,ially.|
RE 471
Provides the necessary background to evaluate prospective real estate investment analysis. Examines both financial and non-financial aspects of investing in real property including risk, market analysis, portfolio impacts, and income taxation conseq,uences. Prerequisites: RE 271. Offered biennially.|
RE 472
Provides advanced instruction in income property appraisal. Addresses the techniques and analysis necessary to estimate the value of an income producing property. Prerequisite: RE 470. Offered on demand.|
RE 475
Provides instruction in the management of real property. Examines the maintenance, operation, and marketing of real estate. Prerequisite or co-requisite: RE 271. Offered biennially.|
RE 570
This course will examine the fundamentals of real estate analysis. It will explore real property law, appraisal, finance, market and investment analysis, and property management.|
SPAN 253
A study of commercial terminology and style, with extensive practice in the writing of business letters of various kinds. Prerequisite: SPAN 250 or 252, or equivalent.|
THIS 491
This research course is offered as part of the Harrisburg Internship Semester. Student interns are required to complete a rigorous research project directly related to the intern's academic major and internship placement. The research topic is sele,cted in consultation with the faculty coordinator, the internship sponsor, and the Resident Faculty Director of the program.|
THIS 492
This seminar course is offered as part of the Harrisburg Internship Semester. The seminar exposes participating students to the latest scholarship in public policy formation and includes elements of the legislative process, executive operations and,decision-making, governmental budgeting, public personnel administration, and more specialized state governmental topics. Leading policymakers from the commonwealth address the seminar and participate in roundtable discussions with students.|